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Human OPRD1/Galpha15 Stable Cell Line-Chem-1

Cat.No.: CSC-RG0709
Cell Line Description: This human delta opioid-expressing cell line is made in the Chem-1 host, which supports high levels of recombinant delta opioid expression on the cell surface and contains high levels of the promiscuous G protein Galpha15 to couple the receptor to the calcium signaling pathway. Thus, the cell line is an ideal tool for screening for agonists and antagonists of the delta opioid receptor
Background: Opiates derived from the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum, have been used in for millenia for their anti-diarrheal, analgesic and euphoric properties. More recently, endogenous peptides, enkephalins, dynorphins, and endorphins, were found to bind to the same sites as opiate alkaloids. The receptors for the classical opioids are three related GPCRs, delta, kappa, and mu, also known as OP1, OP2 and OP3, resepctively, that activate Gi/o to reduce intracellular cAMP levels. Although most clinically used opioids function by activation of the mu opioid receptor, agonits of spinal opioid receptors have antinociceptive activity that is independent of mu. In addition, activation of increases locomotor activity, inhibits gastrointestinal motility, and decreases respiratory frequency. Agonists for opioid receptors also exhibit antidepressant-like activity in animal models.
Growth Properties: Adherent
Host Cell: Chem-1
Cell Line Validation: 1. Gene expression: qPCR experiments determined specific silencing of OPRD1.2. Protein expression: OPRD1 in this cell line has been validated by immunocytochemical staining.
Application: Calcium flux assay, ligand binding assays
Sub-type: Opioid
Propagation: Complete growth medium: DMEM with 4.5 g/L glucose + 4mM glutamine + 10% heat-inactivated FBS + 1x Nonessential amino acids + 10mM HEPES + 1x Pen-Strep + 250μg/mL Genetecin/G-418 Plating medium: DMEM with 4.5 g/L glucose + 4mM glutamine + 10% heat-inactivated FBS + 1x NEAA + 10mM HEPES + 1x Pen-StrepAtmosphere: air, 95%; carbon dioxide (CO2), 5%Temperature: 37 °C
Starting Cells From Frozen Cell Stock: 1. Immediately upon receipt, thaw cells or place cells in liquid nitrogen. Maintain frozen in liquid nitrogen for up to 5 years. 2. Thaw cells rapidly by removing from liquid nitrogen and immediately immersing in a 37°C water bath. Immediately after ice has thawed, sterilize the exterior of the vial with 70% ethanol. Transfer contents of the vial to a T75 flask containing growth media. Place the flask in a humidified incubator at 37°C with 5% CO2. 3. After 8-24 h, all live cells will be attached. Viability of the cells is expected to be 50-80%. At this time, replace media to remove residual DMSO, and return to incubator.
Subculturing: 1. When cells are approximately 80% confluent, passage the cells as follows: Remove media and wash once with HBSS without Ca2+ and Mg2+ (10 mL/T75). Add 0.05% trypsin/0.2 g/L EDTA (1 mL/T75) and place in humidified incubator at 37°C with 5% CO2 until cells begin to round up and detach (5-10 minutes). Gently rap the side of the flask to dislodge the cells. Neutralize trypsin by addition of 4 mL Growth Media per 1 mL trypsin. 2. Cells are typically passaged 1:10 every 3-4 days. Passaging ratio may be varied according to requirements of the investigator.
Mycoplasma: Mycoplasma Status: Negative (MycoAlert Kit)
Freeze Medium: Freezing medium: DMEM with 4.5 g/L glucose + 4mM glutamine + 20% heat-inactivated FBS + 1x NEAA + 10mM HEPES + 1x Pen-Strep + 10% DMSO
Storage: Liquid nitrogen
Preservation: 1. Frozen stocks of cells should be prepared at the earliest passage possible after thawing, as follows: Count detached cells (prepared as in Subculture-Step 1). Centrifuge cells at 200 x g for 5 min. Resuspend cells at 5 x 10^6 cells/mL in Freezing Media (cell densities of 2-10 x 10^6 are also acceptable if necessary). Dispense 1 mL aliquots into cryopreservation vials. Freeze the cells by a controlled rate process, such as in an isopropanol-jacketed container placed at –70°C overnight. Store the vials in liquid nitrogen. 2. Use of cells immediately after thawing is feasible for some cell lines and is being further validated. Some cell lines may need to be passaged at least once after thawing prior to use in calcium flux assays. Cells should be resuspended in Plating Media for plating for calcium assay.
Safety Considerations: The following safety precautions should be observed.1. Use pipette aids to prevent ingestion and keep aerosols down to a minimum.2. No eating, drinking or smoking while handling the stable line.3. Wash hands after handling the stable line and before leaving the lab.4. Decontaminate work surface with disinfectant or 70% ethanol before and after working with stable cells.5. All waste should be considered hazardous.6. Dispose of all liquid waste after each experiment and treat with bleach.
Ship: Dry ice
Gene Name: OPRD1 opioid receptor, delta 1 [ Homo sapiens ]
Official Symbol: OPRD1
Synonyms: OPRD1; opioid receptor, delta 1; delta-type opioid receptor; DOR-1; D-OR-1; delta opioid receptor 1; OPRD;
Gene ID: 4985
mRNA Refseq: NM_000911
Protein Refseq: NP_000902
MIM: 165195
UniProt ID: P41143
Chromosome Location: 1p36.1-p34.3
Pathway: Class A/1 (Rhodopsin-like receptors), organism-specific biosystem; G alpha (i) signalling events, organism-specific biosystem; GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem; GPCR ligand binding, organism-specific biosystem; GPCRs, Class A Rhodopsin-like, organism-specific biosystem; Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystem; Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, conserved biosystem;
Function: G-protein coupled receptor activity; enkephalin receptor activity; protein binding; receptor activity; signal transducer activity;

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Optional requirements on this protein    +Expand
C-fusion    N-fusion   Non-tagged
His    GST   Fc   Others
<1.0 eu/μg    <0.1 eu/μg   <0.01 eu/μg   Not required
Monomer Isolation    Dimer Isolation    Not required
>80% by SDS-PAGE    >90% by SDS-PAGE   >95% by SDS-PAGE   Others

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