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Human HCRTR1/Galpha15 Stable Cell Line-Chem-1

Cat.No.: CSC-RG0713
Cell Line Description: This human OX1-expressing cell line is made in the Chem-1 host, which supports high levels of recombinant OX1 expression on the cell surface and contains high levels of the promiscuous G protein Galpha15 to couple the receptor to the calcium signaling pathway. Thus, the cell line is an ideal tool for screening for antagonists of interactions between the OX1 and its ligands.
Background: The orexin/hypocretin peptides orexin A and orexin B (also known as hcrt-1 and hcrt-2) are 33- and 28-amino acid peptides, respectively, that are preferentially expressed in hypothalamus. The orexins bind to two GPCRs, OX1 and OX2 , to increase intracellular calcium. Experiments with OX1 selective antagonists have shown the receptor plays a role in food consumption and also in acquisition and consolidation of spatial memory. In addition, the orexinergic system plays a role in energy metabolism and stress responses.
Growth Properties: Adherent
Host Cell: Chem-1
Cell Line Validation: 1. Gene expression: qPCR experiments determined specific silencing of HCRTR1.2. Protein expression: HCRTR1 in this cell line has been validated by immunocytochemical staining.3. EC50 for calcium mobilization by Orexin A: ~ 1 nM.
Application: Calcium flux assay, ligand binding assays
Sub-type: Orexin
Propagation: Complete growth medium: DMEM with 4.5 g/L glucose + 4mM glutamine + 10% heat-inactivated FBS + 1x Nonessential amino acids + 10mM HEPES + 1x Pen-Strep + 250μg/mL Genetecin/G-418 Plating medium: DMEM with 4.5 g/L glucose + 4mM glutamine + 10% heat-inactivated FBS + 1x NEAA + 10mM HEPES + 1x Pen-StrepAtmosphere: air, 95%; carbon dioxide (CO2), 5%Temperature: 37 °C
Starting Cells From Frozen Cell Stock: 1. Immediately upon receipt, thaw cells or place cells in liquid nitrogen. Maintain frozen in liquid nitrogen for up to 5 years. 2. Thaw cells rapidly by removing from liquid nitrogen and immediately immersing in a 37°C water bath. Immediately after ice has thawed, sterilize the exterior of the vial with 70% ethanol. Transfer contents of the vial to a T75 flask containing growth media. Place the flask in a humidified incubator at 37°C with 5% CO2. 3. After 8-24 h, all live cells will be attached. Viability of the cells is expected to be 50-80%. At this time, replace media to remove residual DMSO, and return to incubator.
Subculturing: 1. When cells are approximately 80% confluent, passage the cells as follows: Remove media and wash once with HBSS without Ca2+ and Mg2+ (10 mL/T75). Add 0.05% trypsin/0.2 g/L EDTA (1 mL/T75) and place in humidified incubator at 37°C with 5% CO2 until cells begin to round up and detach (5-10 minutes). Gently rap the side of the flask to dislodge the cells. Neutralize trypsin by addition of 4 mL Growth Media per 1 mL trypsin. 2. Cells are typically passaged 1:10 every 3-4 days. Passaging ratio may be varied according to requirements of the investigator.
Mycoplasma: Mycoplasma Status: Negative (MycoAlert Kit)
Freeze Medium: Freezing medium: DMEM with 4.5 g/L glucose + 4mM glutamine + 20% heat-inactivated FBS + 1x NEAA + 10mM HEPES + 1x Pen-Strep + 10% DMSO
Storage: Liquid nitrogen
Preservation: 1. Frozen stocks of cells should be prepared at the earliest passage possible after thawing, as follows: Count detached cells (prepared as in Subculture-Step 1). Centrifuge cells at 200 x g for 5 min. Resuspend cells at 5 x 10^6 cells/mL in Freezing Media (cell densities of 2-10 x 10^6 are also acceptable if necessary). Dispense 1 mL aliquots into cryopreservation vials. Freeze the cells by a controlled rate process, such as in an isopropanol-jacketed container placed at –70°C overnight. Store the vials in liquid nitrogen. 2. Use of cells immediately after thawing is feasible for some cell lines and is being further validated. Some cell lines may need to be passaged at least once after thawing prior to use in calcium flux assays. Cells should be resuspended in Plating Media for plating for calcium assay.
Safety Considerations: The following safety precautions should be observed.1. Use pipette aids to prevent ingestion and keep aerosols down to a minimum.2. No eating, drinking or smoking while handling the stable line.3. Wash hands after handling the stable line and before leaving the lab.4. Decontaminate work surface with disinfectant or 70% ethanol before and after working with stable cells.5. All waste should be considered hazardous.6. Dispose of all liquid waste after each experiment and treat with bleach.
Ship: Dry ice
Gene Name: HCRTR1 hypocretin (orexin) receptor 1 [ Homo sapiens ]
Official Symbol: HCRTR1
Synonyms: HCRTR1; hypocretin (orexin) receptor 1; orexin receptor type 1; OX1R; ox1-R; ox-1-R; orexin receptor 1; orexin receptor-1; hypocretin receptor 1; hypocretin receptor-1; hypocretin receptor type 1;
Gene ID: 3061
mRNA Refseq: NM_001525
Protein Refseq: NP_001516
MIM: 602392
UniProt ID: O43613
Chromosome Location: 1p33
Pathway: Class A/1 (Rhodopsin-like receptors), organism-specific biosystem; G alpha (q) signalling events, organism-specific biosystem; GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem; GPCR ligand binding, organism-specific biosystem; GPCRs, Class A Rhodopsin-like, organism-specific biosystem; Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystem; Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, conserved biosystem;
Function: G-protein coupled receptor activity; orexin receptor activity; peptide hormone binding; receptor activity; signal transducer activity;

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Optional requirements on this protein    +Expand
C-fusion    N-fusion   Non-tagged
His    GST   Fc   Others
<1.0 eu/μg    <0.1 eu/μg   <0.01 eu/μg   Not required
Monomer Isolation    Dimer Isolation    Not required
>80% by SDS-PAGE    >90% by SDS-PAGE   >95% by SDS-PAGE   Others

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