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Human PTGER2/Galpha15 Stable Cell Line-Chem-9

Cat.No.: CSC-RG0737
Cell Line Description: This human EP2-expressing cell line is made in the Chem-9 host, which supports high levels of recombinant EP2 expression on the cell surface and contains high levels of the promiscuous G protein to couple the receptor to the calcium signaling pathway. Thus, the cell line is an ideal tool for screening for antagonists of interactions between EP2 and its ligands.
Background: Prostanoids bind to a family of 8 GPCRs to exert their biological effects. The protanoid PGE2 causes pain, vasodilation, immunosuppression of T cells, bone resorption and promotion of carcinogenesis. Four related GPCRs, EP1, EP2, EP3 and EP4, each bind to PGE2, but the different G protein coupling status of each receptor leads to distinct biological effects. EP2 couples primarily to Gs to increase intracellular cAMP levels. Mice deficient in EP2 receptor showed impaired ovulation and fertilization, salt-sensitive hypertension. It has been shown that EP2 receptors are also involved in cancer associated immunodeficiency. Thus, genetic knockout of the EP2 receptor reduced tumor growth and prolonged survival in mice that had undergone isograft injection of MC26 or Lewis lung carcinoma cells.
Growth Properties: Adherent
Host Cell: Chem-9
Cell Line Validation: 1. Gene expression: qPCR experiments determined specific silencing of PTGER2.2. Protein expression: PTGER2 in this cell line has been validated by immunocytochemical staining.3. EC50 for calcium mobilization by PGE2: ~10.7nM.
Application: Calcium flux assay, ligand binding assays.
Sub-type: Prostanoid
Propagation: Complete growth medium: DMEM with 4.5 g/L glucose + 4mM glutamine + 10% heat-inactivated FBS + 1x Nonessential amino acids + 10mM HEPES + 1x Pen-Strep + 250μg/mL Genetecin/G-418 + 250μg/mL HygromyocinPlating medium: DMEM with 4.5 g/L glucose + 4mM glutamine + 10% heat-inactivated FBS + 1x NEAA + 10mM HEPES + 1x Pen-StrepAtmosphere: air, 95%; carbon dioxide (CO2), 5%Temperature: 37 °C
Starting Cells From Frozen Cell Stock: 1. Immediately upon receipt, thaw cells or place cells in liquid nitrogen. Maintain frozen in liquid nitrogen for up to 5 years. 2. Thaw cells rapidly by removing from liquid nitrogen and immediately immersing in a 37°C water bath. Immediately after ice has thawed, sterilize the exterior of the vial with 70% ethanol. Transfer contents of the vial to a T75 flask containing Growth media. Place the flask in a humidified incubator at 37°C with 5% CO2. 3. After 8-24 h, all live cells will be attached. Viability of the cells is expected to be 50-80%. At this time, replace media to remove residual DMSO, and return to incubator.
Subculturing: 1. When cells are approximately 80% confluent, passage the cells as follows: Remove media and wash once with HBSS without Ca2+ and Mg2+ (10 mL/T75). Add 0.05% trypsin/0.2 g/L EDTA (1 mL/T75) and place in humidified incubator at 37°C with 5% CO2 until cells begin to round up and detach (5-10 minutes). Gently rap the side of the flask to dislodge the cells. Neutralize trypsin by addition of 4 mL Growth media per 1 mL trypsin. 2. Cells are typically passaged 1:10 every 3-4 days. Passaging ratio may be varied according to requirements of the investigator.
Mycoplasma: Mycoplasma Status: Negative (MycoAlert Kit)
Freeze Medium: Freezing medium: DMEM with 4.5 g/L glucose + 4mM glutamine + 20% heat-inactivated FBS + 1x NEAA + 10mM HEPES + 1x Pen-Strep + 10% DMSO
Storage: Liquid nitrogen
Preservation: 1. Frozen stocks of cells should be prepared at the earliest passage possible after thawing, as follows: Count detached cells (prepared as in Subculture-Step 1). Centrifuge cells at 200 x g for 5 min. Resuspend cells at 5 x 10^6 cells/mL in Freezing Media (cell densities of 2-10 x 10^6 are also acceptable if necessary). Dispense 1 mL aliquots into cryopreservation vials. Freeze the cells by a controlled rate process, such as in an isopropanol-jacketed container placed at -70°C overnight. Store the vials in liquid nitrogen. 2. Use of cells immediately after thawing is feasible for some cell lines and is being further validated. Some cell lines may need to be passaged at least once after thawing prior to use in calcium flux assays. Cells should be resuspended in Plating Media for plating for calcium assay.
Safety Considerations: The following safety precautions should be observed.1. Use pipette aids to prevent ingestion and keep aerosols down to a minimum.2. No eating, drinking or smoking while handling the stable line.3. Wash hands after handling the stable line and before leaving the lab.4. Decontaminate work surface with disinfectant or 70% ethanol before and after working with stable cells.5. All waste should be considered hazardous.6. Dispose of all liquid waste after each experiment and treat with bleach.
Ship: Dry ice
Gene Name: PTGER2 prostaglandin E receptor 2 (subtype EP2), 53kDa [ Homo sapiens ]
Official Symbol: PTGER2
Synonyms: PTGER2; prostaglandin E receptor 2 (subtype EP2), 53kDa; prostaglandin E receptor 2 (subtype EP2), 53kD; prostaglandin E2 receptor EP2 subtype; EP2; prostanoid EP2 receptor; PGE receptor EP2 subtype; PGE2 receptor EP2 subtype;
Gene ID: 5732
mRNA Refseq: NM_000956
Protein Refseq: NP_000947
MIM: 176804
UniProt ID: P43116
Chromosome Location: 14q22
Pathway: Class A/1 (Rhodopsin-like receptors), organism-specific biosystem; Eicosanoid ligand-binding receptors, organism-specific biosystem; G alpha (s) signalling events, organism-specific biosystem; GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem; GPCR ligand binding, organism-specific biosystem; GPCRs, Class A Rhodopsin-like, organism-specific biosystem; Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, organism-specific biosystem;
Function: G-protein coupled receptor activity; prostaglandin E receptor activity; receptor activity; signal transducer activity;

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Optional requirements on this protein    +Expand
C-fusion    N-fusion   Non-tagged
His    GST   Fc   Others
<1.0 eu/μg    <0.1 eu/μg   <0.01 eu/μg   Not required
Monomer Isolation    Dimer Isolation    Not required
>80% by SDS-PAGE    >90% by SDS-PAGE   >95% by SDS-PAGE   Others

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