"GPR68" Related Products

Human GPR68/Galpha15 Stable Cell Line-Chem-1

Cat.No.: CSC-RG0760
Cell Line Description: This human GPR68-expressing cell line is made in the Chem-1 host, which supports high levels of recombinant GPR68 expression on the cell surface and contains high levels of the promiscuous G protein Galpha15 to enhance coupling of the receptor to the calcium signaling pathway. Thus, the cell line is an ideal tool for screening for antagonists of interactions between GPR68 and its ligands.
Background: GPR68, also known as OGR1 (ovarian cancer G-protein-coupled receptor 1), was initially thought to be a receptor for sphingosylphosphorylcholine, although these results are controversial. Subsequent studies indicated that GPR68/OGR1 functions as a Gq-coupled sensor for extracellular pH, with maximal signaling occurring at pH of 7 or below. Expression of GPR68/OGR1 is upregulated during RANKL-induced osteoclast differentiation, and knockdown of GPR68/OGR1 expression inhibits this differentiation process.
Growth Properties: Adherent
Host Cell: Chem-1
Cell Line Validation: 1. Gene expression: qPCR experiments determined specific silencing of GPR68.2. Protein expression: GPR68 in this cell line has been validated by immunocytochemical staining.3. EC50 for calcium mobilization by pH: 6.4.
Application: Calcium flux assay, ligand binding assays
Sub-type: SPC/LPC /proton-sensor
Propagation: Complete growth medium: DMEM with 4.5 g/L glucose + 4mM glutamine + 10% heat-inactivated FBS + 1x Nonessential amino acids + 10mM HEPES + 1x Pen-Strep + 250μg/mL Genetecin/G-418 Plating medium: DMEM with 4.5 g/L glucose + 4mM glutamine + 10% heat-inactivated FBS + 1x NEAA + 10mM HEPES + 1x Pen-StrepAtmosphere: air, 95%; carbon dioxide (CO2), 5%Temperature: 37 °C
Starting Cells From Frozen Cell Stock: 1. Immediately upon receipt, thaw cells or place cells in liquid nitrogen. Maintain frozen in liquid nitrogen for up to 5 years. 2. Thaw cells rapidly by removing from liquid nitrogen and immediately immersing in a 37°C water bath. Immediately after ice has thawed, sterilize the exterior of the vial with 70% ethanol. Transfer contents of the vial to a T75 flask containing growth media. Place the flask in a humidified incubator at 37°C with 5% CO2. 3. After 8-24 h, all live cells will be attached. Viability of the cells is expected to be 50-80%. At this time, replace media to remove residual DMSO, and return to incubator.
Subculturing: 1. When cells are approximately 80% confluent, passage the cells as follows: Remove media and wash once with HBSS without Ca2+ and Mg2+ (10 mL/T75). Add 0.05% trypsin/0.2 g/L EDTA (1 mL/T75) and place in humidified incubator at 37°C with 5% CO2 until cells begin to round up and detach (5-10 minutes). Gently rap the side of the flask to dislodge the cells. Neutralize trypsin by addition of 4 mL Growth Media per 1 mL trypsin. 2. Cells are typically passaged 1:10 every 3-4 days. Passaging ratio may be varied according to requirements of the investigator.
Mycoplasma: Mycoplasma Status: Negative (MycoAlert Kit)
Freeze Medium: Freezing medium: DMEM with 4.5 g/L glucose + 4mM glutamine + 20% heat-inactivated FBS + 1x NEAA + 10mM HEPES + 1x Pen-Strep + 10% DMSO
Storage: Liquid nitrogen
Preservation: 1. Frozen stocks of cells should be prepared at the earliest passage possible after thawing, as follows: Count detached cells (prepared as in Subculture-Step 1). Centrifuge cells at 200 x g for 5 min. Resuspend cells at 5 x 10^6 cells/mL in Freezing Media (cell densities of 2-10 x 10^6 are also acceptable if necessary). Dispense 1 mL aliquots into cryopreservation vials. Freeze the cells by a controlled rate process, such as in an isopropanol-jacketed container placed at –70°C overnight. Store the vials in liquid nitrogen. 2. Use of cells immediately after thawing is feasible for some cell lines and is being further validated. Some cell lines may need to be passaged at least once after thawing prior to use in calcium flux assays. Cells should be resuspended in Plating Media for plating for calcium assay.
Safety Considerations: The following safety precautions should be observed.1. Use pipette aids to prevent ingestion and keep aerosols down to a minimum.2. No eating, drinking or smoking while handling the stable line.3. Wash hands after handling the stable line and before leaving the lab.4. Decontaminate work surface with disinfectant or 70% ethanol before and after working with stable cells.5. All waste should be considered hazardous.6. Dispose of all liquid waste after each experiment and treat with bleach.
Ship: Dry ice
Gene Name: GPR68 G protein-coupled receptor 68 [ Homo sapiens ]
Official Symbol: GPR68
Synonyms: GPR68; G protein-coupled receptor 68; ovarian cancer G-protein coupled receptor 1; OGR1; G-protein coupled receptor 68; sphingosylphosphorylcholine receptor; ovarian cancer G protein-coupled receptor, 1; GPR12A; MGC111379; MGC156983;
Gene ID: 8111
mRNA Refseq: NM_001177676
Protein Refseq: NP_001171147
MIM: 601404
UniProt ID: Q15743
Chromosome Location: 14q31
Pathway: Class A/1 (Rhodopsin-like receptors), organism-specific biosystem; G alpha (q) signalling events, organism-specific biosystem; GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem; GPCR ligand binding, organism-specific biosystem; GPCRs, Class A Rhodopsin-like, organism-specific biosystem; Osteoclast Signaling, organism-specific biosystem; Signal Transduction, organism-specific biosystem;
Function: G-protein coupled receptor activity; receptor activity; signal transducer activity;

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Optional requirements on this protein    +Expand
C-fusion    N-fusion   Non-tagged
His    GST   Fc   Others
<1.0 eu/μg    <0.1 eu/μg   <0.01 eu/μg   Not required
Monomer Isolation    Dimer Isolation    Not required
>80% by SDS-PAGE    >90% by SDS-PAGE   >95% by SDS-PAGE   Others

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