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Human AVPR2/Galpha15 Stable Cell Line-Chem-1

Cat.No.: CSC-RG0770
Cell Line Description: This human V2-expressing cell line is made in the Chem-1 host, which supports high levels of recombinant V2 expression on the cell surface and contains high levels of the promiscuous G protein Galpha15 to couple the receptor to the calcium signaling pathway. Thus, the cell line is an ideal tool for screening for antagonists of interactions between V2 and its ligands.
Background: Arginine vasopressin (AVP) is a 9 amino acid peptide that functions as an antidiuretic, vasoconstrictor and neurotransmitter. The three vasopressin receptors, V1a, V1b and V2, are GPCRs; V1a and V1b couple to Gq and calcium release, whereas V2 couples to Gs. V2 expressed in renal collecting ducts plays an important role in regulating renal free water excretion. Mutations in V2 result in X-linked nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, a syndrome in which the kidney is unable to concentrate urine, leading to dehydration and hypernatremia. Conversely, elevated levels of AVP lead to hyponatremia in the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH), congestive heart failure or cirrhosis, and V2 selective antagonists have been developed to treat these conditions.
Growth Properties: Adherent
Host Cell: Chem-1
Cell Line Validation: 1. Gene expression: qPCR experiments determined specific silencing of AVPR2.2. Protein expression: AVPR2 in this cell line has been validated by immunocytochemical staining.3. EC50 for calcium mobilization by AVP: ~ 111 nM; EC50 for calcium mobilization by Val4-dDAVP: ~ 72 nM.
Application: Calcium flux assay, ligand binding assays
Sub-type: Vasopressin
Propagation: Complete growth medium: DMEM with 4.5 g/L glucose + 4mM glutamine + 10% heat-inactivated FBS + 1x Nonessential amino acids + 10mM HEPES + 1x Pen-Strep + 250μg/mL Genetecin/G-418 Plating medium: DMEM with 4.5 g/L glucose + 4mM glutamine + 10% heat-inactivated FBS + 1x NEAA + 10mM HEPES + 1x Pen-StrepAtmosphere: air, 95%; carbon dioxide (CO2), 5%Temperature: 37 °C
Starting Cells From Frozen Cell Stock: 1. Immediately upon receipt, thaw cells or place cells in liquid nitrogen. Maintain frozen in liquid nitrogen for up to 5 years. 2. Thaw cells rapidly by removing from liquid nitrogen and immediately immersing in a 37°C water bath. Immediately after ice has thawed, sterilize the exterior of the vial with 70% ethanol. Transfer contents of the vial to a T75 flask containing growth media. Place the flask in a humidified incubator at 37°C with 5% CO2. 3. After 8-24 h, all live cells will be attached. Viability of the cells is expected to be 50-80%. At this time, replace media to remove residual DMSO, and return to incubator.
Subculturing: 1. When cells are approximately 80% confluent, passage the cells as follows: Remove media and wash once with HBSS without Ca2+ and Mg2+ (10 mL/T75). Add 0.05% trypsin/0.2 g/L EDTA (1 mL/T75) and place in humidified incubator at 37°C with 5% CO2 until cells begin to round up and detach (5-10 minutes). Gently rap the side of the flask to dislodge the cells. Neutralize trypsin by addition of 4 mL Growth Media per 1 mL trypsin. 2. Cells are typically passaged 1:10 every 3-4 days. Passaging ratio may be varied according to requirements of the investigator.
Mycoplasma: Mycoplasma Status: Negative (MycoAlert Kit)
Freeze Medium: Freezing medium: DMEM with 4.5 g/L glucose + 4mM glutamine + 20% heat-inactivated FBS + 1x NEAA + 10mM HEPES + 1x Pen-Strep + 10% DMSO
Storage: Liquid nitrogen
Preservation: 1. Frozen stocks of cells should be prepared at the earliest passage possible after thawing, as follows: Count detached cells (prepared as in Subculture-Step 1). Centrifuge cells at 200 x g for 5 min. Resuspend cells at 5 x 10^6 cells/mL in Freezing Media (cell densities of 2-10 x 10^6 are also acceptable if necessary). Dispense 1 mL aliquots into cryopreservation vials. Freeze the cells by a controlled rate process, such as in an isopropanol-jacketed container placed at –70°C overnight. Store the vials in liquid nitrogen. 2. Use of cells immediately after thawing is feasible for some cell lines and is being further validated. Some cell lines may need to be passaged at least once after thawing prior to use in calcium flux assays. Cells should be resuspended in Plating Media for plating for calcium assay.
Safety Considerations: The following safety precautions should be observed.1. Use pipette aids to prevent ingestion and keep aerosols down to a minimum.2. No eating, drinking or smoking while handling the stable line.3. Wash hands after handling the stable line and before leaving the lab.4. Decontaminate work surface with disinfectant or 70% ethanol before and after working with stable cells.5. All waste should be considered hazardous.6. Dispose of all liquid waste after each experiment and treat with bleach.
Ship: Dry ice
Gene Name: AVPR2 arginine vasopressin receptor 2 [ Homo sapiens ]
Official Symbol: AVPR2
Synonyms: AVPR2; arginine vasopressin receptor 2; DIR, DIR3; vasopressin V2 receptor; nephrogenic diabetes insipidus; V2R; AVPR V2; antidiuretic hormone receptor; renal-type arginine vasopressin receptor; DI1; DIR; NDI; ADHR; DIR3; MGC126533; MGC138386;
Gene ID: 554
mRNA Refseq: NM_000054
Protein Refseq: NP_000045
MIM: 300538
UniProt ID: P30518
Chromosome Location: Xq28
Pathway: Aquaporin-mediated transport, organism-specific biosystem; Arf6 trafficking events, organism-specific biosystem; Class A/1 (Rhodopsin-like receptors), organism-specific biosystem; G alpha (s) signalling events, organism-specific biosystem; GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem; GPCR ligand binding, organism-specific biosystem; GPCRs, Class A Rhodopsin-like, organism-specific biosystem;
Function: G-protein coupled receptor activity; receptor activity; signal transducer activity; vasopressin receptor activity;

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C-fusion    N-fusion   Non-tagged
His    GST   Fc   Others
<1.0 eu/μg    <0.1 eu/μg   <0.01 eu/μg   Not required
Monomer Isolation    Dimer Isolation    Not required
>80% by SDS-PAGE    >90% by SDS-PAGE   >95% by SDS-PAGE   Others

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