Triiodothyronine, C15H12I3NO4, also known as T3, is a thyroid hormone.Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) activates the production of thyroxine (T4) and T3. This process is under regulation. In the hypothalamus, T4 is converted to T3. TSH is inhibited mainly by T3. The thyroid gland releases greater amounts of T4 than T3, so plasma concentrations of T4 are 40-fold higher than those of T3. Most of the circulating T3 is formed peripherally by deiodination of T4 (85%), a process that involves the removal of iodine from carbon 5 on the outer ring of T4. Thus, T4 acts as prohormone for T3.This thyroid hormone is similar to thyroxine but with one fewer iodine atoms per molecule. In addition, T3 exhibits greater activity and is produced in smaller quantity.It is the most powerful thyroid hormone, and affects almost every process in the body, including body temperature, growth, and heart rate.
(2S)-2-amino-3- [4-(4-hydroxy-3-iodo-phenoxy)- 3,5-diiodo-phenyl]propanoic acid; triiodothyronine; T3; 3,3",5-triiodo-L-thyronine
650.9776 g mol−1
Cross-reactivity: T3 100%; T4 <0.28%
>95% pure (SDS-PAGE). Protein A chromatography Product is 0.2μm filtered.
2.0mg/ml (OD280nm, E0.1% = 1.4)
5 x 109 L/m
10mM Phosphate, pH 7.4 containing 150mM Sodium chloride
Specific methodologies have not been tested using this product.
Short term (up to 7 days) store at 2-8°C. Long term, aliquot and store at <-40°C.