Chloramphenicol is a bacteriostatic antimicrobial originally derived from the bacterium Streptomycesvenezuelae, isolated by David Gottlieb, and introduced into clinical practice in 1949. It was the first antibiotic to be manufactured synthetically on a large scale. Chloramphenicol is effective against a wide variety of microorganisms; it is still very widely used in low income countries because it is exceedingly inexpensive, but has fallen out of favour in the West due to a very rare but very serious side effect: aplastic anemia.In the West, the main use of chloramphenicol is in eye drops or ointment for bacterial conjunctivitis.
Clear colorless solution
0.01mol/L phosphate buffered saline, pH 7.4
Short-term store at 2-8℃, Long term store at -20℃