Single-cell RRBS


Epigenetic status is important in transcriptional regulation, and because of the presence of different subpopulations of cells, epigenetic status in relatively homogeneous cell type may be heterogeneous, particularly in tumors, where the epigenome of individual cells is heterogeneous. Additionally, in some cases, it is difficult to obtain large numbers of cells for epigenome analysis of early-stage mammalian embryos. The single-cell reduced representation bisulfite sequencing (scRRBS) service provided by Creative BioMart can analyze the complexity of DNA methylome landscapes within a single cell.

What Is Single-cell RRBS?

The single-cell reduced representation bisulfite sequencing (scRRBS) is a methylome analysis technique that enables single-cell and single-base resolution DNA methylation analysis based on reduced representation bisulfite sequencing (RRBS). Conventional RRBS requires relatively large numbers of genomic DNA as starting material, and is not applicable to single cells. In scRRBS, all the experimental steps before PCR amplification are integrated into a single-tube reaction to minimize sample loss resulting from multiple purification steps during the workflow of RRBS. The scRRBS technique is sensitive, and capable of providing digitized methylation information on ~1 million CpG loci within an individual diploid mouse or human cell at single-nucleotide resolution. Compared with the single-cell whole-genome bisulfite sequencing (scWGBS) technique, scRRBS covers fewer CpG loci, but it provides better coverage for CpG islands, which are probably the most informative elements for DNA methylation.

Features of Single-cell RRBS

  1. Genome-wide coverage of CpGs in islands at single-base resolution
  2. Areas of high CpG methylation density are covered
  3. High sensitivity, 40% of the CpG loci in a single cell can be detected
  4. Flexible, it permits the pooling of a small number of cells to obtain measurements for the population as a whole

Our Advantages

  1. Extensive experience: our years of experience in DNA methylation analysis have paved the way for our customers to explore the dynamic DNA methylome landscapes of individual cells.
  2. Unsurpassed data quality: we guarantee that more than 80% of bases has a ≥Q30 quality score, exceeding Illumina’s official guarantee of ≥ 75%.
  3. Comprehensive data analysis: we use widely-accepted mainstream softwares such as Bismark and a mature in-house pipeline for mapping, DMR analysis, functional analysis and data visualization, providing you with both standard data analyses and customized bioinformatics analyses.
  4. Professional tech support: our seasoned team of experts are glad to work with you step by step to meet your every specific request. We provide professional tech support and troubleshooting throughout the whole process.

Workflow of Single-cell RRBS at Creative BioMart

The basic workflow of scRRBS is as follows. Creative BioMart integrates cell lysis, methylation-insensitive restriction enzymes digestion (typically MspI), end-repair, A-tailing, adapter ligation and bisulfite conversion into a single-tube reaction to avoid unnecessary DNA loss.

The schematic diagram of Single-cell Reduced Representation Bisulfite Sequencing (scRRBS)

Fig 1. The schematic diagram of scRRBS

Creative BioMart strictly controls each step in the scRRBS workflow to ensure access to high quality data. Through methylation insensitive restriction enzymes combination, the enriched sequences can be more evenly distributed in regions such as promoters, CpG islands, enhancers and introns.

Workflow of Single-cell Reduced Representation Bisulfite Sequencing (scRRBS) at Creative BioMart

Fig 2. Workflow of scRRBS at Creative BioMart

Scientists at Creative BioMart are here to serve each specific need from our customers and we are more than pleased to solve every problem in the experiment to speed up your research. please don’t hesitate to contact us for more information.

Reference
1. Guo H.; et al. Single-cell methylome landscapes of mouse embryonic stem cells and early embryos analyzed using reduced representation bisulfite sequencing. Genome Research. 2013, 23(12): 2126-2135.
2. Guo H.; et al. Profiling DNA methylome landscapes of mammalian cells with single-cell reduced-representation bisulfite sequencing. Nature Protocols. 2015, 10(5): 645-659.

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