||Recombinant full length Human Noggin expressed in 293 cells; consisting of two 206 amino acid polypeptide chains, 46.2 kDa.
||The secreted polypeptide, encoded by this gene, binds and inactivates members of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily signaling proteins, such as bone morphogenetic protein-4 (BMP4). By diffusing through extracellular matrices more efficiently than members of the TGF-beta superfamily, this protein may have a principal role in creating morphogenic gradients. The protein appears to have pleiotropic effect, both early in development as well as in later stages. It was originally isolated from Xenopus based on its ability to restore normal dorsal-ventral body axis in embryos that had been artificially ventralized by UV treatment. The results of the mouse knockout of the ortholog suggest that it is involved in numerous developmental processes, such as neural tube fusion and joint formation. Recently, several dominant human NOG mutations in unrelated families with proximal symphalangism (SYM1) and multiple synostoses syndrome (SYNS1) were identified; both SYM1 and SYNS1 have multiple joint fusion as their principal feature, and map to the same region (17q22) as this gene. All of these mutations altered evolutionarily conserved amino acid residues. The amino acid sequence of this human gene is highly homologous to that of Xenopus, rat and mouse.
||Biological Activity :Determined by its ability to inhibit 5.0 ng/ml of BMP-4 induced alkaline phosphatase production by ATDC chondrogenic cells. The expected ED50 for this effect is 2.0-3.0 ng/ml of Noggin.
||Lyophilised:Reconstituted NOG-30339TH is stable for at least 3 months when stored in working aliquots with a carrier protein at -20°C. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles.
||>95% by SDS-PAGE
||Store at -20°C. Stable for 12 months at -20°C
|Sequences of amino acids:
||QHYLHIRPAP SDNLPLVDLI EHPDPIFDPK EKDLNETLLR SLLGGHYDPG FMATSPPEDR PGGGGGAAGG AEDLAELDQL LRQRPSGAMP SEIKGLEFSE GLAQGKKQRL SKKLRRKLQM WLWSQTFCPV LYAWNDLGSR FWPRYVKVGS CFSKRSCSVP EGMVCKPSKS VHLTVLRWRC QRRGGQRCGW IPIQYPIISE CKCSC
||Belongs to the noggin family.