Found in cows and sheep, Interferon tau is the signal from the developing embryo to the mother that she is pregnant. It is secreted by the trophoblast cells into the uterine lumen in days 13-21 of pregnancy. It decreases endometrial oxytocin receptors, which then cannot stimulate PGF-2-alpha synthesis, preventing luteolysis. It promotes uterine implantation by increasing protein synthesis in glands. Interferon was titrated with the use ofthe cytopathic effect inhibition assay as described. In this antiviral assays for interferon about 1 unit/ml of interferon is the quantity necessary to produce a cytopathic effect of 50%.
IFNT; interferon tau; TP-1; IFN-tau-c2; IFN-tau-c3; trophoblast protein-1; interferon-tau1e; interferon-tau3e; interferon alpha II; interferon, trophoblast; trophoblast type I interferon