New Clue Was Found Regarding the New Coronavirus: Protein DPP4
The new study found that the new coronavirus can slip into cells in many types of animals.
They latches onto a protein called dipeptidyl peptidase 4, or DPP4, which decorates the surface of many cells and differs from the protein that SARS needs, including some in human airways and kidneys. It is identical to adenosine deaminase complexing protein-2, and to the T-cell activation antigen CD26. It is an intrinsic membrane glycoprotein and a serine exopeptidase that cleaves X-proline dipeptides from the N-terminus of polypeptides.
The new virus mainly affected respiratory systems and didn’t show outbreak, which might because the DPP4 protein’s position. It locates on cells in the lungs, where the virus can’t be readily coughed or sneezed out. But scientists didn’t know yet whether the protein also resides on cells in the nose or throat.
Scientists from Creative BioMart have attention focused on the antigen and antibody research about this new coronavirus based on the basic support for a long time, which hoped to help research communities to solve the issue.