||It is widely accepted that T cells require a signal induced by the engagement of the T cell receptor and a "costimulatory" signal(s) through distinct T cell surface molecules for optimal T cell expansion and activation. Members of the B7 superfamily of counterreceptors were identified by their ability to interact with costimulatory molecules found on the surface of T cells. Members of the B7 superfamily include B7-1 (CD80), B7-2 (CD86), B7-H1 (PD-L1), B7-H2 (B7RP-1), B7-H3 and PD-L2. B7-1 is expressed on activated B cells, activated T cells, mature dendritic cells and macrophages. T cells express two different receptors capable of binding B7-1, CD28 and CTLA-4. CTLA-4 binds to B7-1 with a 20 - 100 fold higher affinity than CD28. Engagement of CD28 by B7-1 increases T cell proliferation and IL-2 production and enhances the immune response. In contrast, engagement of CTLA-4 is involved in the down-regulation of the immune response. Rat and human B7-1 share 47% amino acid identity.
||The predicted molecular weight of Recombinant Mouse B7-1 is Mr 51.3 kDa. However, the actual molecular weight as observed by migration on SDS Page is Mr 80-90 kDa.
|State Of Matter:
||>90% by SDS Page and analyzed by silver stain.
||<0.1 ng per 1 µg as determined by the LAL method.
|Storage And Stability:
||This lyophilized protein is stable for six to twelve months when stored desiccated at -20℃ to -70℃. After aseptic reconstitution, this protein may be stored at 2℃ to 8℃ for one month or at -20℃ to -70℃ in a manual defrost freezer. Avoid Repeated Freeze Thaw Cycles. See Product Insert for exact lot specific storage instructions.