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Recombinant Human CXCL16 Protein (Met1-Thr224), His-tagged

Cat.No.: CXCL16-1108H
Product Overview: Recombinant Human CXCL16 Protein (NP_071342.2) (Met1-Thr224) was produced by HEK293 Cells expression system. This protein was expressed with a polyhistidine tag at the C-terminus.
Description: C-X-C motif chemokine 16, also known as Small-inducible cytokine B16, SR-PSOX, and CXCL16, is a single-pass type I membrane protein which belongs to the intercrine alpha (chemokine CxC) family. CXCL16 exists in transmembrane and soluble forms. The transmembrane form acts as a scavenger receptor for oxidised LDL whereas the soluble form acts a chemoattractant for mainly CD8+ T cells. CXCL16 is a protein which shares pattern recognition receptor functions, relevant for adhesion and phagocytosis of bacterial products, with the properties of an adhesion molecule and inflammatory chemokine. CXCL16/SR-PSOX is an interferon-gamma-regulated chemokine and scavenger receptor for oxidized low-density lipoprotein that is expressed in atherosclerotic lesions. Proteolytic cleavage of membrane-bound CXCL16 releases soluble CXCL16, which may promote migration of effector T cells and augment a proatherogenic inflammatory response. CXCL16/SR-PSOX can be a potential player in atherogenesis. Enhanced expression of CXCL16 has been demonstrated in atherosclerotic plaques and several properties have been attributed to CXCL16 that could influence the atherosclerotic process. Following in vitro studies suggested that as an adhesion molecule CXCL16/SR-PSOX might mediate T-cell adhesion to the endothelium, as a chemokine-drive T-cell migration, stimulate cell proliferation and elicit inflammatory phenotype in smooth muscle cells (SMC) and, finally, as a scavenger receptor-mediate uptake of atherogenic lipoproteins by macrophages and SMC. CXCR6 and its ligand CXCL16 in regulating metastasis and invasion of cancer. CXCR6 and CXCL16 are up-regulated in multiple cancer tissue types and cancer cell lines relative to normal tissues and cell lines. In addition, both CXCR6 and CXCL16 levels increase as tumor malignancy increases. Thus, CXCL16 and CXCR6 may mark cancers arising in an inflammatory milieu and mediate pro-tumorigenic effects of inflammation through direct effects on cancer cell growth and by inducing the migration and proliferation of tumor-associated leukocytes.
Source: HEK293
Species: Human
Tag : His
Predicted N Terminal: Asn 49
Form: Lyophilized from sterile PBS, pH 7.4. Normally 5 % - 8 % trehalose, mannitol and 0.01% Tween80 are added as protectants before lyophilization.
Molecular Mass: The recombinant human CXCL16 consists of 187 amino acids and predicts a molecular mass of 20.5 kDa.
Protein length: Met1-Thr224
Endotoxin: < 1.0 EU per μg protein as determined by the LAL method.
Purity: > 95 % as determined by SDS-PAGE.
Stability: Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt at -70 centigrade.
Storage: Store it under sterile conditions at -20 centigrade to -80 centigrade. It is recommended that the protein be aliquoted for optimal storage. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Reconstitution: It is recommended that sterile water be added to the vial to prepare a stock solution of 0.2 mg/ml. Centrifuge the vial at 4ºC before opening to recover the entire contents.
Shipping: In general, recombinant proteins are provided as lyophilized powder which are shipped at ambient temperature.
Bulk packages of recombinant proteins are provided as frozen liquid. They are shipped out with blue ice unless customers require otherwise.
Gene Name: CXCL16 chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 16 [ Homo sapiens ]
Official Symbol: CXCL16
Synonyms: CXCL16; CXCLG16; SR PSOX; SRPSOX; small-inducible cytokine B16; SR-PSOX;
Gene ID: 58191
mRNA Refseq: NM_001100812
Protein Refseq: NP_001094282
MIM: 605398
UniProt ID: Q9H2A7

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