Recombinant Human HLA-DPB1 Protein (30-223 aa), His-tagged

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Recombinant Human HLA-DPB1 Protein (30-223 aa), His-tagged

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Cat.No. : HLA-DPB1-1278H
Product Overview : Recombinant Human HLA-DPB1 Protein (30-223 aa) is produced by E. coli expression system. This protein is fused with a 6xHis tag at the N-terminal. Protein Description: Partial.
Description : Binds peptides derived from antigens that access the endocytic route of antigen presenting cells (APC) and presents th on the cell surface for recognition by the CD4 T-cells. The peptide binding cleft accommodates peptides of 10-30 residues. The peptides presented by MHC class II molecules are generated mostly by degradation of proteins that access the endocytic route, where they are processed by lysosomal proteases and other hydrolases. Exogenous antigens that have been endocytosed by the APC are thus readily available for presentation via MHC II molecules, and for this reason this antigen presentation pathway is usually referred to as exogenous. As mbrane proteins on their way to degradation in lysosomes as part of their normal turn-over are also contained in the endosomal/lysosomal compartments, exogenous antigens must compete with those derived from endogenous components. Autophagy is also a source of endogenous peptides, autophagosomes constitutively fuse with MHC class II loading compartments. In addition to APCs, other cells of the gastrointestinal tract, such as epithelial cells, express MHC class II molecules and CD74 and act as APCs, which is an unusual trait of the GI tract. To produce a MHC class II molecule that presents an antigen, three MHC class II molecules (heterodimers of an alpha and a beta chain) associate with a CD74 trimer in the ER to form a heterononamer. Soon after the entry of this complex into the endosomal/lysosomal syst where antigen processing occurs, CD74 undergoes a sequential degradation by various proteases, including CTSS and CTSL, leaving a small fragment termed CLIP (class-II-associated invariant chain peptide). The roval of CLIP is facilitated by HLA-DM via direct binding to the alpha-beta-CLIP complex so that CLIP is released. HLA-DM stabilizes MHC class II molecules until primary high affinity antigenic peptides are bound. The MHC II molecule bound to a peptide is then transported to the cell mbrane surface. In B-cells, the interaction between HLA-DM and MHC class II molecules is regulated by HLA-DO. Primary dendritic cells (DCs) also to express HLA-DO. Lysosomal microenvironment has been implicated in the regulation of antigen loading into MHC II molecules, increased acidification produces increased proteolysis and efficient peptide loading.
Source : E. coli
Species : Human
Tag : His
Form : Tris-based buffer,50% glycerol
Molecular Mass : 26.8 kDa
Protein length : 30-223 aa
AA Sequence : RATPENYLFQ GRQECYAFNG TQRFLERYIY NREEFARFDS DVGEFRAVTE LGRPAAEYWN SQKDILEEKR AVPDRMCRHN YELGGPMTLQ RRVQPRVNVS PSKKGPLQHH NLLVCHVTDF YPGSIQVRWF LNGQEETAGV VSTNLIRNGD WTFQILVMLE MTPQQGDVYT CQVEHTSLDS PVTVEWKAQS DSAR
Purity : > 90% as determined by SDS-PAGE.
Notes : Repeated freezing and thawing is not recommended. Store working aliquots at 4 centigrade for up to one week.
Storage : The shelf life is related to many factors, storage state, buffer ingredients, storage temperature and the stability of the protein itself. Generally, the shelf life of liquid form is 6 months at -20 centigrade/-80 centigrade. The shelf life of lyophilized form is 12 months at -20 centigrade/-80 centigrade.
Concentration : A hardcopy of COA with reconstitution instruction is sent along with the products. Please refer to it for detailed information.
Figure :

(Tris-Glycine gel) Discontinuous SDS-PAGE (reduced) with 5% enrichment gel and 15% separation gel.

Gene Name : HLA-DPB1 major histocompatibility complex, class II, DP beta 1 [ Homo sapiens ]
Official Symbol : HLA-DPB1
Synonyms : HLA-DPB1; DPB1; HLA-DP; HLA-DPB; HLA-DP1B; FLJ57621; FLJ61008;
Gene ID : 3115
mRNA Refseq : NM_002121
Protein Refseq : NP_002112
MIM : 142858
UniProt ID : P04440

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