|Cat. No. :
|Product Overview :
||Recombinant Human Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte Associated Antigen-4 produced in insect cells is a homodimeric, glycosylated, polypeptide chain containing a total molecular mass of 80 kDa. Each subunit (40kDa) is fused to a polypeptide linker to the Fc portion of Human IgG1. CTLA4 is expressed in low copy number by T-cells only after activation, but it binds CD28-ligand with approximately 20-fold higher affinity than CD28. A soluble form of the extracellular domain of CTLA-4 has been shown to bind CD28-ligand with high avidity and to suppress T-cell-dependent antibody responses in vivo. Large doses of this soluble protein also suppress responses to a second immunization. CTLA-4 is purified by proprietary chromatographic techniques.
||CTLA-4 is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily and encodes a protein which transmits an inhibitory signal to T cells. The protein contains a V domain, a transmembrane domain, and a cytoplasmic tail. Alternate transcriptional splice variants, encoding different isoforms, have been characterized. The membrane-bound isoform functions as a homodimer interconnected by a disulfide bon. Mutations in this gene have been associated with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, Graves disease, Hashimoto thyroiditis, celiac disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, thyroid-associated orbitopathy, and other autoimmune diseases.
|Amino Acid Sequence :
||The sequence of the amino acids was determined and was found to be: Lys-Ala-Met-His-Val.
|Physical Appearance :
||Sterile Filtered White lyophilized (freeze-dried) powder.
||Greater than 95.0% as determined by: (a) Analysis by RP-HPLC. (b) Analysis by SDS-PAGE.
||CTLA-4 was lyophilized with no additives.
||It is recommended to reconstitute the lyophilized Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte Associated Antigen-4 Human in sterile 18 MΩ-cm H2O not less than 100 µg/ml, which can then be further diluted to other aqueous solutions.
||Lyophilized Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte Associated Antigen Recombinant although stable at room temperature for 3 weeks, should be stored desiccated below -18°C. Upon reconstitution CTLA-4 should be stored at 4°C between 2-7 days and for future use below -18 °C. For long term storage it is recommended to add a carrier protein (0.1% HSA or BSA). Please prevent freeze-thaw cycles.