Recombinant Human CD274 protein, His-tagged (HPLC verified)
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|Product Overview :||Recombinant Human CD274 protein (Phe19-Arg238)(HPLC verified), fused to His tag at C-terminus, was expressed in human 293 cells (HEK293).|
|Description :||Programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1) is also known as cluster of differentiation (CD274) or B7 homolog 1 (B7-H1), is a member of the growing B7 family of immune molecules and is involved in the regulation of cellular and humoral immune responses. B7-H1 is a cell surface immunoglobulin superfamily with two Ig-like domains within the extracellular region and a short cytoplasmic domain. PD-L1 is highly expressed in the heart, skeletal muscle, placenta and lung and weakly expressed in the thymus, spleen, kidney and liver. PD-L1 is expressed on activated T-cells, B-cells, dendritic cells, keratinocytes and monocytes. PD-L1 is up-regulated on T- and B-cells, dendritic cells, keratinocytes and monocytes after LPS and IFNG activation and up-regulated in B-cells activated by surface Ig cross-linking. PD-L1 involve in the costimulatory signal, essential for T-cell proliferation and production of IL10 and IFNG, in an IL2-dependent and a PDCD1-independent manner.|
|Form :||Lyophilized from 0.22 um filtered solution in PBS, pH7.4, 10% trehalose.|
|Molecular Mass :||The protein has a calculated MW of 26.0 kDa. The protein migrates as 35-42 kDa under reducing (R) condition (SDS-PAGE) due to glycosylation.|
|Protein length :||220|
|Endotoxin :||Less than 1.0 EU per ug by the LAL method.|
|Purity :||>98% as determined by SDS-PAGE.|
|Storage :||For long term storage, the product should be stored at lyophilized state at -20 centigrade or lower.
Please avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
This product is stable after storage at:
-20 centigrade to -70 centigrade for 12 months in lyophilized state;
-70 centigrade for 3 months under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
|Reconstitution :||It is recommended that sterile water be added to the vial to prepare a stock solution of 0.2 ug/ul. Centrifuge the vial at 4ºC before opening to recover the entire contents.|
|SDS-PAGE of CD274-2145H :||
Human PD-L1, His Tag (HPLC verified) on SDS-PAGE under reducing (R) condition. The gel was stained overnight with Coomassie Blue. The purity of the protein is greater than 98%.
|SEC-HPLC of CD274-2145H :||
The purity of Human PD-L1, His Tag (HPLC verified) was greater than 90% as determined by SEC-HPLC.
|Bioactivity-ELISA of CD274-2145H :||
Immobilized Human PD-L1, His Tag (HPLC verified) at 1 μg/mL (100 μL/well) can bind Anti-Human PD-L1 MAb (Human IgG1) with a linear range of 0.1-3 ng/mL (QC tested).
Immobilized Human PD-L1, His Tag (HPLC verified) at series of concentration on MonRabTM Anti-His Tag (C-term) Antibody precoated (0.1 μg/well) plate, can bind Human PD-1, Mouse IgG2a Fc Tag (HPLC-verified) at 5 μg/mL (100 μL/well) with a linear range of 10-78 ng/mL (Routinely tested).
|Bioactivity-alpha of CD274-2145H :||
Biotinylated Human PD-1, Fc,Avitag at 1 μg/mL (5 μL/well) can bind Human PD-L1, His Tag (HPLC verified) with a linear range of 0.02-0.625 μg/mL as determined in a alphaLISA homogeneous assay (Routinely tested).
|Bioactivity-SPR of CD274-2145H :||
Human PD-1, Fc Tag captured on CM5 chip via anti-human IgG Fc antibody, can bind Human PD-L1, His Tag (HPLC verified) with an affinity constant of 3.6 μM as determined in a SPR assay (Routinely tested).
Anti-Human PD-L1 Mab (Human IgG1) captured on CM5 chip via anti-human IgG Fc antibodies surface, can bind Human PD-L1, His Tag (HPLC verified) with an affinity constant of 0.286 nM as determined in a SPR assay (Routinely tested).
|Bioactivity-BLI of CD274-2145H :||
Loaded Human PD-1, Fc Tag, low endotoxin (HPLC verified) on ProteinA Biosensor, can bind Human PD-L1, His Tag (HPLC verified) with an affinity constant of 5.3 μM as determined in BLI assay (QC tested).
Loaded Anti-Human PD-L1 MAb (Human IgG1) on AHC Biosensor, can bind Human PD-L1, His Tag (HPLC verified) with an affinity constant of 1.61 nM as determined in BLI assay (Routinely tested).
|Gene Name :||CD274|
|Official Symbol :||CD274|
|Synonyms :||CD274; CD274 molecule; CD274 antigen , PDCD1LG1, programmed cell death 1 ligand 1; programmed cell death 1 ligand 1; B7 homolog 1; B7 H; B7 H1; B7H1; PD L1; PDL1; CD274 antigen; PDCD1 ligand 1; programmed death ligand 1; B7-H; PD-L1; PDCD1L1; PDCD1LG1; MGC142294; MGC142296|
|Gene ID :||29126|
|mRNA Refseq :||NM_014143|
|Protein Refseq :||NP_054862|
|UniProt ID :||Q9NZQ7|
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